The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Systems is a peer-reviewed journal. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Systems (IJAMS) publishes state-of-the-art fundamental and applied high-quality research in manufacturing at the systems level. Manufacturing systems are comprised of products, equipment, people, information, control and support functions for the economical and competitive development, production and delivery of products to satisfy the market and societal needs. The journal aims to give a broad international coverage of advanced manufacturing systems. Articles may be based on empirical investigations, theoretical perspectives, case study analysis, or report experimental results. All submissions should make a significant original contribution.